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Ellora Cave Temples

floor 1




floor 2



Cave 10


28 (_CAV3501.jpg)


29 (_CAV3503.jpg)
Doorway with sculptures

30 (_CAV3504.jpg)
Seated Buddha

31 (_CAV3505.jpg)
Doorway detail

32 (_CAV3506.jpg)
Upper storey verandah

33 (_CAV3507.jpg)
Intrusive images

On the left wall of the upper level verandah, there are many intrusive images, including various small seated Buddhas (one with a contemporary inscribed Buddhist creed) and bodhisattvas, a large standing female bodhisattva with a bunch of flowers, and a six-armed seated goddess.

34 (_CAV3508.jpg)
1 of 3>>Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

35 (_CAV3509.jpg)
<<2 of 3>>Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

36 (_CAV3510.jpg)
<<3 of 3Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

137 (_CAV3511.jpg)
Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

138 (_CAV3512.jpg)
1 of 2>>Bodhisattvas Prajnaparamita and Avalokitesvara

The large panels on the wall between the central and side arches were probably not part of the original conception of this cave, but are probably roughly contemporary intrusions, for they break the disciplined design scheme of the facade. A female and male bodhisattva, probably Prajnaparamita (with her book) and Avalokitesvara (with his lotus) appear at the left.

37 (_CAV3513.jpg)
<<2 of 2Bodhisattvas Prajnaparamita and Avalokitesvara

The large panels on the wall between the central and side arches were probably not part of the original conception of this cave, but are probably roughly contemporary intrusions, for they break the disciplined design scheme of the facade. A female and male bodhisattva, probably Prajnaparamita (with her book) and Avalokitesvara (with his lotus) appear at the left.

38 (_CAV3514.jpg)
1 of 2>>Buddha and Bodhisattvas

The large panels on the wall between the central and side arches were probably not part of the original conception of this cave, but are probably roughly contemporary intrusions, for they break the disciplined design scheme of the facade. At the right, we find a notable representation of a crowned Buddha, probably the first in these western caves, and possibly even anticipating related forms in eastern India where, during Pala times, it became increasingly popular. The image, seated in dhyanasana on a three-lion throne (seen here), and displaying the teaching gesture, is flanked by a seated Avalokitesvara with his lotus on the left, and a seated Manjusri, with his tiger-claw necklace and characteristic headdress on the right. Just below, another Manjusri, with the same flower, appears, next to a Buddha on a lotus throne, curiously supported by nagas, since his hand is in the bhumisparsa mudra - a gesture connected with the earth rather than the waters. All three of the bodhisattvas just mentioned show varada mudra, the gesture of offering.

39 (_CAV3515.jpg)
<<2 of 2Buddha and Bodhisattvas

The large panels on the wall between the central and side arches were probably not part of the original conception of this cave, but are probably roughly contemporary intrusions, for they break the disciplined design scheme of the facade. At the right, we find a notable representation of a crowned Buddha, probably the first in these western caves, and possibly even anticipating related forms in eastern India where, during Pala times, it became increasingly popular. The image, seated in dhyanasana on a three-lion throne (seen here), and displaying the teaching gesture, is flanked by a seated Avalokitesvara with his lotus on the left, and a seated Manjusri, with his tiger-claw necklace and characteristic headdress on the right. Just below, another Manjusri, with the same flower, appears, next to a Buddha on a lotus throne, curiously supported by nagas, since his hand is in the bhumisparsa mudra - a gesture connected with the earth rather than the waters. All three of the bodhisattvas just mentioned show varada mudra, the gesture of offering.

40 (_CAV3516.jpg)
1 of 4>>Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

41 (_CAV3517.jpg)
<<2 of 4>>Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

42 (_CAV3518.jpg)
<<3 of 4>>Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

43 (_CAV3519.jpg)
<<4 of 4Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

139 (_CAV3520.jpg)
Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Later intrusive image of Avalokitesvara to the right of the main Avalokitesvara image on the second floor verandah to the right of the entrance to the small gallery.

44 (_CAV3522.jpg)
1 of 2>>Doorway

45 (_CAV3523.jpg)
<<2 of 2

46 (_CAV3524.jpg)
Seated Buddha panel

47 (_CAV3525.jpg)
Seated Buddha panel

48 (_CAV3526.jpg)
Guardian figure

49 (_CAV3527.jpg)
sub-shrine

50 (_CAV3528.jpg)
sub-shrine

51 (_CAV3529.jpg)
1 of 3>>Facade of the grand Caitya Cave 10, also called the Visvakarma Caitya Hall

Around the trilobed opening beautiful triads - each composed of a male and two female celestials converge upon the axis of the arch.

141 (_CAV3530.jpg)
<<2 of 3>>Facade of the grand Caitya Cave 10, also called the Visvakarma Caitya Hall

Visvakarma Caitya Hall, facade detail, second floor. Around the trilobed opening beautiful triads - each composed of a male and two female celestials converge upon the axis of the arch.

52 (_CAV3531.jpg)
<<3 of 3Facade of the grand Caitya Cave 10, also called the Visvakarma Caitya Hall

Around the trilobed opening beautiful triads - each composed of a male and two female celestials converge upon the axis of the arch.

142 (_CAV3532.jpg)


53 (_CAV3533.jpg)


54 (_CAV3534.jpg)
1 of 2>>couple figures and ribbed vault

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

143 (_CAV3537.jpg)
<<2 of 2Inner Verandha

Inner verandah, Visvakarma Caitya Hall, second floor overlooking the main stupa in the Chaitya hall

55 (_CAV3538.jpg)
Inner Verandha

Inner verandah, Visvakarma Caitya Hall, second floor overlooking the main stupa in the Chaitya hall

56 (_CAV3540.jpg)
ceiling and small gallery detail

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

145 (_CAV3541.jpg)
Seated Buddha

The main hall, with its impressive colonnade, is focused upon a huge teaching Buddha, seated in the bhadrasana pose on a lion throne. The main image is flanked by standing attendant bodhisattvas: Avalokitesvara (with his long-stemmed lotus and what may be a ruined Amitabha in his jata headdress) to the left and Manjusri (a stupa in his crown) to the right. Similarly, focusing the devotees' attention in front of, rather than upon, the stupa, two pairs of celestial couples on either side, together with the bodhi (pipal) tree over the Buddha's head, form a powerful honorific arch, enclosing the haloed image and the richly decorated throne. Although they can only be seen when approached, there is a large carved teaching padmasana Buddha on the right side of the stupa's fronting projection, and an equally large bhadrasana image on the left, with very similar large bhadrasana images carved on the stupa's drum. However, two panels remain uncut, one being very flawed, the other showing traces of the head being just started by the sculptor.

149 (_CAV3545.jpg)
1 of 2>>Ribbed vault

151 (_CAV3549.jpg)
Ribbed vault - detail

153 (_CAV3552.jpg)
ribbed vault detail and columns

60 (_CAV3553.jpg)
ribbed vault detail

61 (_CAV3554.jpg)
<<2 of 2Ribbed vault

62 (_CAV3556.jpg)


111 (_CAV3631.jpg)


114 (_CAV3636.jpg)


183 (_CAV3637.jpg)


185 (_CAV3639.jpg)


188 (_CAV3644.jpg)


This shrine is on top right of the main Cave 10

117 (_CAV3645.jpg)
Seated Buddha

3651 (c10_12a.jpg)
Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

3652 (c10_16.jpg)
Standing figure

3653 (c10_17.jpg)
Intrusive images

On the left wall of the upper level verandah, there are many intrusive images, including various small seated Buddhas (one with a contemporary inscribed Buddhist creed) and bodhisattvas, a large standing female bodhisattva with a bunch of flowers, and a six-armed seated goddess.

3655 (c10_18a.jpg)
Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

3656 (c10_19.jpg)
Bodhisattva Maitreya

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. This bodhisattva (the flying dwarfs unfinished) may be identified as Maitreya, given the stupa in the crown. This niche has loving couples above.

3657 (c10_19a.jpg)
Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

3658 (c10_20.jpg)
Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

3659 (c10_20a.jpg)
Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Smaller but equally complex lateral arches, slightly varied in design, and supported by cushion-capitaled demi-pillars with dramatically projecting brackets, enclose niches with bodhisattvas attended by their associated goddesses. Avalokitesvara with the Buddha Amitabha in his jata headdress, holding an expanded lotus, and with antelope skin, appears in the right niche (seen here). Above the image is a delightful crowd of playful dwarfs.

3660 (c10_20b.jpg)
Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

Later intrusive image of Avalokitesvara to the right of the main Avalokitesvara image on the second floor verandah to the right of the entrance to the small gallery.

3661 (c10_21.jpg)
Bodhisattva Prajnaparamita and Avalokitesvara

The large panels on the wall between the central and side arches were probably not part of the original conception of this cave, but are probably roughly contemporary intrusions, for they break the disciplined design scheme of the facade. A female and male bodhisattva, probably Prajnaparamita (with her book) and Avalokitesvara (with his lotus) appear at the left (seen here).

3662 (c10_A.jpg)
Instrusive immages

The large panels on the wall between the central and side arches were probably not part of the original conception of this cave, but are probably roughly contemporary intrusions, for they break the disciplined design scheme of the facade. A female and male bodhisattva, probably Prajnaparamita (with her book) and Avalokitesvara (with his lotus) appear at the left. At the right, we find a notable representation of a crowned Buddha, probably the first in these western caves, and possibly even anticipating related forms in eastern India where, during Pala times, it became increasingly popular. The image, seated in dhyanasana on a three-lion throne, and displaying the teaching gesture, is flanked by a seated Avalokitesvara with his lotus on the left, and a seated Manjusri, with his tiger-claw necklace and characteristic headdress on the right. Just below, another Manjusri, with the same flower, appears, next to a Buddha on a lotus throne, curiously supported by nagas, since his hand is in the bhumisparsa mudra - a gesture connected with the earth rather than the waters. All three of the bodhisattvas just mentioned show varada mudra, the gesture of offering.

3663 (c10_B-C-D.jpg)
Ribbed vault

3664 (c10_C.jpg)
Ribbed vault

3665 (c10_C2.jpg)
Ribbed vault

3666 (c10_C3.jpg)
Small gallery overlooking the stupa

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

3667 (c10_C4.jpg)
Ribbed vault

3668 (c10_C5.jpg)
Ribbed vault

3669 (c10_C6.jpg)
Facade of the grand Caitya Cave 10, also called the Visvakarma Caitya Hall

Facade detail of the upper storey of Cave 10 showing upper verandah and the doorway leading to the inner verandah that overlooks the main hall and the Stupa. Around the trilobed opening beautiful triads - each composed of a male and two female celestials converge upon the axis of the arch.

120 (c10_Fd1.jpg)
Facade of the grand Caitya Cave 10, also called the Visvakarma Caitya Hall

The entablature over the courtyard colonnade is relieved, at its lower level, with a vigorous frieze composed in large part of elephants, bovines, deer, and boars running from either side. They move toward a focal point over the entrance to the cave, while fine panels of loving couples interspersed with roiling zoomorphic and floral forms occupy the upper range. Still higher up, under the eave of the cave, still other couples, their greater size enhancing their legibility, appear with dwarf attendants between a framework of cushion-capitaled demi-pillars.

3677 (c10_Fd1.jpg)
Trilobed arch

Around the trilobed opening beautiful triads - each composed of a male and two female celestials converge upon the axis of the arch.

122 (c10_Fd5.jpg)
Triloebed arch

Around the trilobed opening beautiful triads - each composed of a male and two female celestials converge upon the axis of the arch.

3679 (c10_Fd5.jpg)
Facade

3687 (c10_Frd1.jpg)
Small gallery overlooking the stupa

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

123 (c10_railingi.jpg)
Small gallery overlooking the main Stupa

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

3695 (c10_railingi.jpg)


3697 (c10_S10-11-12.jpg)


3698 (c10_S10F.jpg)


3699 (c10_S11F.jpg)


3700 (c10_S14-27.jpg)


3701 (c10_S14-27a.jpg)


3702 (c10_S14-27b.jpg)


3703 (c10_S14-28.jpg)


3707 (c10_S14c.jpg)


3724 (c10_S4linteld1.jpg)


3740 (c10_S4linteld5.jpg)


3741 (c10_S4linteld6.jpg)


3781 (c10_S9F.jpg)


3782 (c10_S9F2.jpg)


3783 (c10_S9Fdr_14-15.jpg)


3784 (c10_S9Fld_13.jpg)


3785 (c10_stairwayw.jpg)


3786 (c10_staiwayw.jpg)
Small Gallery overlooking the main Stupa

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

3787 (c10_upperiV.jpg)
Small Gallery overlooking the main Stupa

A small gallery underneath the central arch inside the cave overlooks the spacious interior. It can be reached by a stairway coming up from the left side of the porch below below from outside the main cave. The gallery has beautiful frieze that centers upon a splendid dancing female. The panels at either side show single female figures in a delightful array of poses and activities, alternating with loving couples.

3788 (c10_upperiV2.jpg)


3789 (c10_upperlV.jpg)
Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara

This later intrusive image is to the right of the main Avalokitesvara image on the second floor verandah to the right of the entrance doorway to the small gallery.

3790 (c10_upperrV.jpg)


3791 (c10_upperrV1.jpg)

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