Ellora Cave Temples map

Welcome to the first comprehensive documentation of the Ellora cave temples of India.

                                    ENTER THE CAVES

Ellora is a site of outstanding cave temples, datable between c. ad 575 and the end of the 9th century, 20 km north of Aurangabad in the Sahyadri Hills, Maharashtra, India. The caves were excavated from volcanic rock along a 2-km stretch of west-facing embankment. There are 34 major caves, numbered consecutively rather than chronologically, starting with the Buddhist group (Caves 1-13) in the south. Other groups are dedicated to the Brahmanical pantheon (Caves 14-29) and to Jainism (Caves 30-34). The most notable monument is Cave 16, the Kailasa Temple, which represents the culmination of rock-cut architecture, with huge sculptural reliefs heightening the overall symbolism of the temple as cosmic mountain and as the home of Shiva.

Dr. Deepanjana D. Klein and Dr. Arno Klein have digitized their unique archive of photographic documentation of the more than 30 rock-cut cave temples at Ellora. The approximately 2,500 black-and-white and approximately 4,500 color photographs of the Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave shrines at Ellora have been identified and annotated and have been made available on the website

This project has received funding from ArtStor and the Indian government.
pic2 Dr. Deepanjana Klein is a senior Specialist in the Modern and Contemporary Indian Art department of Christie's and heads the biannual sales in New York in this category. Prior to joining Christie's she had been an independent curator in New York City and has numerous exhibitions of contemporary Indian art to her credit. Deepanjana has a Ph.D. in Indian Art History from De Montfort University in England and has taught art history, theory, and aesthetics at the Leicester School of Architecture in England and at the Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institute for Architecture and Environmental Studies in Mumbai. Her publications include contributions to the Encyclopaedia of Sculptures on the topics of modern and contemporary Indian sculpture (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2004) and essays on contemporary Indian art. She is the recipient of several awards, including a grant from the Mellon Foundation (ArtStor) for photo documentation of the Ellora cave temples, the J.N. Tata Endowment for the Higher Education of Indians, and the Nehru Trust for the Indian Collections at the Victoria & Albert Museum.
pic1 Arno Klein took the 7,000+ photographs of the Ellora caves, constructed a database for the photographs and designed this website and accompanying web applications for documentation. Arno is an Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at Stony Brook University, and is excited about brain imaging and visualization of complex information. He has conducted research in 3-D display holography from a high school basement lab to MIT's Media Lab, tissue optics at Caltech, and automated anatomical brain labeling and shape analysis at Cornell and at Columbia Universities. In addition to documentation of the Ellora temples, other projects include taxonomic classification of information visualization, time-lapse photography, and text parsing and analytics.
pic3 Tristan Bruck joined the team in 2011 to work on the ground plans of the caves and has been responsible for assigning coordinates for each sculpture on all the floorplans. Tristan is a Specialist at Christie's in the Indian & Southeast Asian department. Prior to joining Christies, he worked at The Pace Gallery in New York. Tristan holds a Bachelor's degree in Art History from Wesleyan University and furthered his studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. He holds a Master's degree in Modern Art, Connoisseurship, and History of the Art Market from Christie's Education in New York.
pic3 Ellora Klein is in third grade and assisted in the photography of the caves. She is engaged in many activities, including reading, running, racquetball, and art.
pic7 We would like to give our great friend and mentor, Professor Walter Spink, our sincerest gratitude!
pic7 Return to the Caves